PAGE 1 Churinga Publishing v
Books and publications on the interaction of systems in real time by A. C. Sturt
Economics, politics, science, archaeology. Page redesigned 16 April 02.


The Timeless Universe
Footnote 4 - Redshift and Rotation of Celestial Bodies

by A. C. Sturt cont.


1. Redshift - Conventional View

2. Redshift in the Stochastically Regenerated Universe

Footnote 1 - Differentiation of Space

Footnote 2 - Observational Frameworks of Time

Footnote 3 - Light Frequency Compensation Mechanism of Individual Atoms


The Meaning of Mass


The Redshift Exponential

The rate of rotation of a star or galaxy about an axis is estimated from measurements of the redshift of light from its opposite sides. If the diameter is known, and redshift is considered to be proportional to velocity, then the rate of recession of one side and approach of the other can be calculated from the difference in their redshifts. Hence periods of rotation about the axis.

Such a calculation does not hold good if, as proposed in the stochastic regeneration model, redshift is proportional to distance but not velocity of recession from the Earth.

A suggested explanation of observations is that spin generates a disturbance in the electromagnetic field surrounding the spinning object. If the spin of the body imparts a direction of spin to the electromagnetic field, in the same way that gravity imparts a direction to a mass thrown off a spinning body, then light leaving one side of the body would have a different effective path from light leaving the other side i.e. with or against the spin, a sort of catherine wheel effect. Differences of trajectory might account for any difference of redshift.

There may be some evidence of this in measurements of spectra of the skies made high above the Earth. Measurements made in one direction were said to be slightly bluer than those made in the opposite direction.

A. C. Sturt

12 November 2001

rates of rotation

rethink if redshift is proportional to distance

spin generates disturbance?

path asymmetries with and against spin?
Copyright A. C. Sturt November 2001 continued on Page 7
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